Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Variety of tests is used to diagnose breast cancer, once it has been detected.
- Diagnostic mammogram: this mammogram is much more detailed imaging of the breast as compared to the screening mammogram. It focuses on lumps or any abnormal cell growth visible in a screening mammogram.
- Breast ultrasound: with the use of sound waves, this machine generated detailed images of the areas of the breast. These pictures are called sonograms and it is also used to distinguish between a solid lump and fluid filled cysts.
- MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging is a kind of body scan and with the help of magnet which is linked to a computer screen; it generated detailed pictures of portions inside the breast.
- Biopsy: in this test a sample tissue or fluid is removed from the suspected growth in the breast for a pathological examination under the microscope. These biopsies can be invasive or non invasive in nature.