Breast Cancer Treatment
Several treatment options are available to treat breast cancer. The treatment and the therapy used is subjective to the type of breast cancer and it’s spread to other regions than the breast. Available treatments are surgical intervention, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, biologic therapy, and radiation. In most of the cases to treat cancer a combination of various therapies is applied wherein a patient receives more than one kind of treatment.
- Surgical intervention is done wherein in a surgery the doctors cut out and remove cancer tissue. e.g. lumpectomy, mastectomy
- Chemotherapy is the use of special medicines, or drugs. With the administration these drugs, the cancer is shrunk or destroyed. These medicines can be given orally or intravenously to the body, or sometimes, through both.
- In hormonal therapy the availability of hormones required by the cancer cells to grow and multiply is limited.
- Biological therapy is the treatment which strengthens the body's immune system and equips it better to fight cancer. It may also be sued to control side effects resulting from other cancer treatments. Chemotherapy on one hand directly attacks the cancer cells while biological therapy strengthens the body’s immune system to fight cancer growth.
- In radiation therapy with the use of high-energy rays, which are quite similar to X-rays, the cancer cells are destroyed. These rays are focused and aimed at the cancer.
- In this treatment doctors from various specialties come together to provide the patient with a cumulative and combined treatment regime. Surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists all work together.